ProKalm – Horse Calming Supplements
ProKalm has recently been rated the UK’s Number 1 in a survey of over 1500 participants* and is an innovation in helping horses and ponies perform to their potential using a unique formulation that acts rapidly in as little as 30 minutes with the effects lasting up to 8 hours. At low intake ProKalm is perfect for “taking the edge off”. At moderate and high intake, ProKalm is suitable for more demanding situations.
What? An innovation in helping horses and ponies perform to their potential and may aid concentration. Fast acting and effective supplement with results in as little as 30 minutes from feeding. A unique combination of herb extracts and amino acids and does not contain valerian, magnesium or tryptophan. ProKalm does not sedate or affect gait or performance.
Why? How ever well you manage horses, they are all individuals and at times may need that little extra nutritional support.
This graph is for information purposes and relates to the information found in the study highlighted below.
When? ProKalm is perfect for “taking the edge off” horses. At moderate and high intake ProKalm is suitable for more demanding situations. ProKalm can be fed as required, either for an isolated situation such as competing or can be fed daily.
How? ProKalm is best given in feed on a regular basis. The effects of a single feed can begin within 30 minutes and last for up to 8 hours. The amount given can be varied to get the desired effect. Some horses require a higher rate than others. For a strong effect, e.g. to clip, shoe, box or when first turning out, give 2-4 scoops for a 500kg horses in feed or give one full syringe. For a mild-moderate effect , e.g. for riding, travelling, etc give 1-2 scoops for a 500kg horse in feed or give one full syringe around 1-2h before peak effect is required. For sustained results over time, give 1 to 2 scoops for a 500kg horse in both morning and evening feeds for at least 7 days. For first time use we strongly recommend feeding 2 x 25ml scoops per day split between morning and evening feed for a 500kg horse. If the effect is too strong then reduce the feeding rate.
If after 1-2 days the effect is not strong enough then increase to 4 x 25ml scoops per day and up to 6 x 25ml scoops per day after a further 1-2 days
AND? Why not magnesium? There is no scientific evidence that magnesium has any calming effect in horses – Why not valerian? It is illegal under FEI and rules of racing – Why not tryptophan? Tryptophan signals to the body that it is exhausted and has a negative effect on performance.
Available in 192g trial pouch, a 1.1kg tub, 3.3kg tub or ProKalm syringe.
TESTS TRIALS CARRIED OUT ON PROKALM
The effect of feeding domestic horses a herb extract and amino acid based calmer (PROKALM): a double blind placebo controlled trial. This is the summary of an independent study conducted at Hartpury College*
Introduction There are a very limited number of studies examining the effects of calming products on equines and the mechanisms underlying their use. Therefore many of the products on the market are not supported by scientific evidence (Harris, 2007); most companies rely on owner testimonials to evaluate their use, and they do not use controlled trials to demonstrate efficiency (Mckeever, 2005). The aims of the present study were 1) To determine if the reactivity of horses to a novel object test altered after seven days of feeding a commercial calmer (ProKalm, Science Supplements) 2) To determine if carers and instructors assessed the horse’s behaviour and temperament as having altered after supplementation.
Methods & Materials Sixteen mature horses without extreme behaviours were selected by the yard manager to participate. All horses were weighed on a calibrated weigh bridge to determine the quantity of supplement they received. Horses weighing over 600 kg received 5 scoops of the supplement daily and those weighing less than 600 kg received 4 scoops of the supplement daily (in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions). The horses were randomly assigned into two groups, one half that received supplement X and one half that received supplement Y for seven days. All horses completed a novel object test and had a temperament questionnaire completed by a student carer and two instructors on day 0. The horses were then fed their allocated supplement for seven days and on day seven underwent a novel object test and the questionnaire was repeated, to assess any changes in behaviour and temperament (both undesirable and desirable behaviours). During the seven days the horses’ management regimens were kept consistent.
Results Novel object test: Horses in the study group ‘settled’ significantly faster on day 7 than day 0 (P<0.05), and significantly faster than the horses in the placebo group (P<0.05). Horses in the placebo group increased their vocalisation and object investigation on day 7 compared to day 0 (P<0.05), whilst those in the study group demonstrated a significant increase in alert behaviours only (P<0.05).
Conclusion In a group of horses with a range of behaviours typical of horses used for teaching, feeding ProKalm for 7 days resulted in both objective and subjective improvements in behaviour that could be considered desirable for handling, riding, training and competing.
*Helme, J. and Dumbell, L. (2009) Equine Centre, Hartpury College, Hartpury, Gloucester, UK
The effect of feeding horses exhibiting stereotypical behaviours a commercial calming supplement
Introduction Stereotypical behaviours are common in horses. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a commercially available equine calmer (ProKalm, Science Supplements) could abolish or reduce the severity of stereotypical behaviours in horses.
Methods & Materials Fifteen horses exhibiting stereotypical behavior on a chronic and continuous basis were recruited to take part in the study. Owners were given a questionnaire and asked to describe the type of stereotypical behaviour and rate the severity on a visual-analogue scale with 0 being no stereotypical behavior observed to 10 being most severe stereotypical behavior. The behaviours reported were wind-sucking (n=5), crib-biting (n=4), weaving (n=4), box-walking (n=2). Three horses exhibited 2 different stereotypical behaviours. Owners were asked to score the horses on Day 1 (prior to treatment) and then on Days 2 and 3. All horses received 64g of ProKalm split equally between morning and evening feeds.
Results All horses ate all supplements. The median behavior severity score on Day 1 was 7 (range 3 to 10) and reduced to 4 (range 0 to 8) and 2 (range 0 to 8) on Days 2 and 3, respectively. Three horses (who all exhibited wind-sucking with a severity score of 7 or 8/10) showed no reduction in behavior severity score as reported by their owners. The greatest reduction in behavior score was with horses showing weaving and crib-biting. Behaviours reduced on both days of treatment.
Conclusion Feeding 64g of ProKalm for 2 days split between morning and evening feeds to horses with stereotypical behaviours resulted in a significant reduction in median behavior severity score, as reported by owners. The effect was strongest with horses exhibiting weaving and crib-biting. Further studies using higher feed rates and for a longer duration are warranted.
* In a survey conducted between March 2016 – May 2016 questions covered equestrian discipline, competitive level, reasons for using a product/supplement and their own experiences of the products/supplements they had used. 1689 complete, unique and valid responses were received. Only participants from the UK were encouraged and permitted. Responses were limited to one per IP address. ProKalm (Science Supplements) was rated the highest by both previous and current users.
Tub & Pouch – Instructions for use and feeding guide
Level 25ml (16g) scoops per day
Pony – approximately 250kg1 – 3
Horse – approximately 500kg2 – 4
Large Horse – over 750kg2 – 6
Mix thoroughly with feed and split between meals where possible.
Always start with the minimum feeding rate. If after 2 days a stronger effect is needed, then increase the daily feeding rate, up to the maximum recommended daily intake (e.g. 4 scoops for a 500kg horse). If a less potent effect is required then decrease the daily feeding rate. Individual horses may respond differently and the level of intake should be adjusted to obtain the required effect. The effects of ProKalm may be seen in as little as 30 minutes. The effects of a single feed can last for up to 8 hours. Peak effects are usually observed 2-4 hours after feeding. For difficult behaviours, the effect may take 2-3 days to stabilise. The effects of ProKalm are more predictable and consistent when it is fed regularly twice a day. For further information and advice contact our Nutritional Advice Line on 0345 504 6940.
Do not exceed the recommended intake.
One of our core values is transparency. That’s why we list all the active ingredients per daily feeding rate so you know exactly what your horse is getting.
Withania somnifera, Passiflora incarnata, Melissa officianalis, L-Theanine, Rice flour.
Crude Protein 13.3%; Crude Oils & Fats <1%; Crude Ash 1%; Crude Fibre 1.5%; Calcium <1%; Sodium <1%; Phosphorus <1%.
Additives (per kg):
Amino Acids: L-Tyrosine 62.5g.
Syringe – Instructions for use and feeding guide
Pony – approximately 250kg½ syringe
Horse – approximately 500kg½-1 syringe
Large Horse – over 750kg½-1 syringe
The effects of ProKalm may be seen in as little as 30 minutes. Peak effects are usually observed 2-4 hours after feeding. The effects of ProKalm syringe are more predictable and consistent when used in conjunction with feeding ProKalm powder twice a day with feed. Nutritional Advice Line 0345 504 6940.
Do not exceed the recommended intake.
Withania somnifera, Passiflora incarnata, Melissa officianalis, L-Theanine, Sodium citrate, Purified Water, Glycerine, Sorbitol, Glucose.
Crude Protein 13%; Crude Oils & Fats 1%; Crude Fibre <1%; Crude Ash 9%; Moisture 62%; Sodium <1%; Phosphorous <1%; Calcium <1%.
Additives (per Kg):
Amino Acids: L-Tyrosine 62.5g. Preservatives: Potassium Sorbate (E202) 2g; Sodium Benzoate (1a700) 2g; Technological Additives: Xanthan Gum (E415) 1.8g. Flavour: Mentha x piperita 1.8g.